Adopt A Pet

Cat and Kitten Adoption: Adopt a Cat or Kitten in your area.

Use the form to the right
to find a cute cat or kitten to adopt. Why find a cat for sale or kitten for sale when you can find a cat rescue?
See photos of cute cats and kittens to rescue in your area.
Search cats and kittens for adoption by area, sex, color, hair length, breed & age.
Volunteer... Lend a helping paw! Help shelters & cat & kitten rescue groups near you. Find a shelter
Links to cat & kitten rescue sites. Before you find a kitten for sale, click here to find a cat rescue near you! Find a shelter

Cat & Kitten Adoption

''Get the info & get in the know''
Approximately 4 million adoptable pets are put to sleep each year, including millions of cats and kittens.
It is estimated that 70% of homeless cats and kittens are "put to sleep". Adopt and save a life!
According to the Humane Society of the United States, 10,000 babies are born in the U.S. on any given day. On that same day, however, 40,000 kittens are born. Match those two statistics up, and you'll see that there will never be enough homes for all the kitties born in this country unless we all pledge to do two things: 1) take responsibility for spaying and neutering our pets, and 2) adopt a cat or kitten from a shelter or cat & kitten rescue organization.
In an effort to help people make good choices when they adopt a cat or kitten, many shelters and cat & kitten rescues provide adoption counseling to help match you up with the purrr-fect cat or kitten for adoption.
Don't be fooled into thinking that shelters and cat & kitten rescues are filled with kitties that were discarded because they're "bad". On the contrary, most cats & kittens for adoption are wonderful companions who became the victims of irresponsible owners who didn't give cat & kitten adoption the careful thought it requires.

Cat & Kitten rescue:
Adoption is the loving option!

  70% of homeless cats and kittens are "put to sleep". You can make a difference!
Approximately 4 million pets are put to sleep each year due to overpopulation. Including millions of cats
Adopting a cat or kitten from a shelter or rescue group saves a life!
E-mail this page to a friend! Promote cat & kitten adoption & rescue!
Link to this cat & kitten page. Promote adoption & spread the word!

Hey! Shelters & Cat Rescues...

Get your pets seen & get your pets saved! List your pets on's free non-profit over-the-phone & online adoption advertising service. Increase your adoptions!
Click here for details!

Recently Added Shelters

Dogma Animal Rescue
Monte Rio, CA
Added on Jan 28, 2015
National Saint Bernard Rescue Inc. Mid-Atlantic
Winchester, VA
Added on Jan 28, 2015
Dogs are Deserving
Crete, IL
Added on Jan 28, 2015
Rescue 1 At A Time
Minesing, ON
Added on Jan 28, 2015
Caring 4 Kittens
Paradise, CA
Added on Jan 28, 2015
Mutley's Miracles
Malabar, FL
Added on Jan 28, 2015
Poke-A-Dot's Dalmatian's and Friends Rescue
Lodi, CA
Added on Jan 28, 2015
Scituate RI Animal Shelter
Clayville, RI
Added on Jan 28, 2015
Ellie's Animal Rescue, Inc.
Carpentersville, IL
Added on Jan 28, 2015
Sherry's Place Rescue
Newfield, NJ
Added on Jan 28, 2015
Morgan County Animal Coalition
Wartburg, TN
Added on Jan 28, 2015
H.O.P.E. Rescue
Jennings, OK
Added on Jan 27, 2015
4 small paws rescue and sanctuary, INC
Dothan, AL
Added on Jan 27, 2015
Graham County Animal Advocates
Robbinsville, NC
Added on Jan 27, 2015
Paradise on the Prairie Sanctuary and Rescue
Beach, ND
Added on Jan 27, 2015
Wayward Whiskers Cat Rescue
Greensburg, PA
Added on Jan 27, 2015
CNH Dog Rescue
Inman, SC
Added on Jan 26, 2015
Fuzzy Angels
Staten Island, NY
Added on Jan 26, 2015
Lucky Day Animal Rescue
Grand Blanc, MI
Added on Jan 26, 2015
Sign up for our

receive useful adoption info
and helpful tips and tricks for training your new adopted pet

Kitten & Cat Rescue:
Adoption is the loving option!

By's Pia Salk

So, you want to adopt a cat, huh? Great idea! Here are a few reasons why you'll be the cat's meow:

Saving Lives: Whether you adopt a cat or kitten from an animal shelter or from a rescue organization, you're saving lives. That's right: lives, as in more than one. I know, I know…you only want to adopt one kitty, right? It doesn't matter. Adoption saves more than just the life of the pet you adopt. If you adopt from an animal shelter, you're making room for a pet that might otherwise be euthanized, or you're allowing other pets at the shelter to be kept for a longer period of time, giving them a better shot at being adopted. If you take home a cat or kitten for adoption at a no-kill pet rescue organization, you're allowing that organization to rescue another pet from a public shelter, which, of course, saves the life of that pet plus the lives of other pets at that shelter by creating space so other animals can be kept longer. As you can see, adoption is truly a continuous cycle of saving lives!

Know what you're getting (especially if you adopt an adult): If you're considering cat adoption, you probably have a good idea about what kind of personality you want your new adopted pet to have, right? For instance, maybe you need to adopt a cat who loves dogs, or one who likes to be around other cats. When you adopt an adult from a rescue or animal shelter instead of buying a kitten from a pet shop, what you see is what you get. Their personality is already developed, and you'll be able to spot the characteristics you're looking for much more easily than with a kitten bought at a store or from a breeder looking to make a buck. Rescue organizations, and many shelters that provide pet adoption counseling, are able to assess the personality of each pet for adoption, and carefully match you up with the right pet for your lifestyle. With a kitten, of course, there is a lot more guesswork involved. Want to adopt a cat who will instantly fit in with your family? That's easy when you adopt an adult from a kitten rescue organization or shelter!

Cat & kitten adoption = an instant friend for life: Ask anybody who has adopted a cat or kitten, and they'll swear their bond with their rescued pal is as deep as they come. When you open your heart and your home to a pet who needs help, they really do show their appreciation for the rest of their life! Cats who have been uprooted from their homes, or have had difficult beginnings are likely to bond completely and deeply with their new human caretakers, whom they regard as heroes. Kitties who find themselves in the shelter or at a rescue because of a death or other tragedy in their former human family usually go through a mourning period. Once they are adopted, however, they usually want nothing more than to please their new hero---YOU! No matter what circumstances brought them to the rescue, most cats & kittens for adoption are exceptionally affectionate and attentive, and make wonderful companions. But first you have to adopt one! We promise, your new friend will think you're the cat's pajamas!

Training, Socialization, & Health: Many cat & kitten rescue organizations use foster homes, where pets for adoption are socialized with other animals, and are trained to use a litter box before going to their new homes. As an added bonus, many rescue groups and shelters offer post-pet adoption workshops and training classes. When you adopt from these shelters, you'll have their continued support to help you through any rough spots you face during your pet's transition. In addition, when you adopt from a shelter or rescue group, you're adopting a healthier pet! Nearly all public shelters and rescues spay or neuter their pets for adoption and administer all necessary vaccines before they allow you to take your new pet home. They want to make sure your kitty has at least nine lives!

A smarter option than buying from a pet store: No matter how "reputable" you think your local pet store is, they're getting their animals from one of two sources: 1) a "backyard" breeder, or 2) a kitten mill. The majority of purebred animals in shelters or rescues are the product of "backyard" breeders who often sell kittens through the newspaper classified ads. These are people who think they can make some easy money by breeding their purebred cats. Many of these kittens are weaned from their mothers way too soon. Sometimes, backyard breeders turn into small-time kitten mills. What's a kitten mill? It's basically a factory farm for pets. The cats are kept in small cages and forced to breed at unhealthy rates. Female cats in kitten mills are made to have several litters per year, which is extremely dangerous and cruel. Each kitten mill produces several different breeds of cat, and pays little attention to the specific health and temperament issues related to each one. Genetic health testing is almost unheard of in kitten mills, and mass-producing animals for profit is the bottom line. In the worst kitten mills, unspeakable abuse and horrifying conditions are the norm. How can you stop kitten mills? There is only one way: take away their profits. NEVER BUY A KITTEN, OR BUY A CAT FROM A PET STORE! Remember, adoption is the most humane option!

We want to spread the word!
If you have contact info for a shelter in one of these places that does not have pets posted with us, please e-mail us and we'll contact them.
California Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Long Beach,Fresno, Sacramento, Oakland, Santa Ana, Anaheim, Riverside, Bakersfield, Stockton, Fremont, Glendale, Huntington Beach, Modesto,San Bernardino,Chula Vista, Oxnard
Texas Houston, Dallas, San Antonio,Austin,El Paso,Fort Worth, Arlington, Corpus Christi, Plano, Garland, Lubbock, Irving, Laredo, Amarillo, Pasadena,Brownsville, Grand Prairie, Mesquite, Abilene,Beaumont
New York New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, Syracuse, Albany, Cheektowaga, New Rochelle, Mount Vernon, Schenectady, Tonawanda, Utica, Hempstead, Niagara Falls, Brentwood,White Plains, Levittown, Irondequoit, Troy, Binghamton
Florida Jacksonville, Miami, Tampa, St. Petersburg, Hialeah, Orlando, Fort Lauderdale, Tallahassee, Hollywood, Pembroke Pines, Coral Springs, Clearwater, Cape Coral, Gainesville, Port St. Lucie, Miami Beach, Sunrise, Plantation, West Palm Beach,Palm Bay
Illinois Chicago, Rockford, Aurora, Naperville, Peoria, Springfield, Joliet, Elgin, Waukegan, Cicero, Decatur, Arlington Heights, Schaumburg, Evanston, Champaign, Palatine, Bloomington, Skokie, Des Plaines, Bolingbrook
Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie, Reading, Scranton, Bethlehem, Lancaster, Levittown, Altoona, Harrisburg, Penn Hills, Wilkes-Barre, York, State College, Chester, Bethel Park, Mount Lebanon, Ross Township, Norristown
Ohio Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron, Dayton, Parma, Youngstown, Canton, Lorain, Springfield, Hamilton, Kettering, Lakewood, Elyria, Euclid, Middletown, Mentor, Cleveland Heights, Cuyahoga Falls
Michigan Detroit, Grand Rapids, Warren, Flint, Sterling Heights, Lansing, Ann Arbor, Livonia, Dearborn, Clinton, Westland, Farmington Hills, Troy, Southfield, Kalamazoo, Canton, Waterford, Wyoming MI, Pontiac MI
Ontario Toronto, Ottawa, Mississauga, Hamilton, Brampton, London Canada, Markham, Vaughan, Windsor, Kitchener
New Jersey Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth NJ, Edison, Toms River, Trenton, Camden, Clifton, East Orange, Passaic, Union City, Bayonne, Irvington, Vineland, Union, Wayne, New Brunswick, Plainfield, Bloomfield
Georgia Atlanta, Augusta-Richmond, Columbus, Savannah, Athens-Clarke, Macon, Sandy Springs, Roswell, Albany, Marietta, Warner Robins, Valdosta, Smyrna, East Point, North Atlanta, Rome, Alpharetta, Redan, Dunwoody, Peachtree City
North Carolina Charlotte, Raleigh, Greensboro, Durham, Winston-Salem, Fayetteville, Cary, High Point, Wilmington, Asheville, Jacksonville NC, Gastonia, Greenville, Concord NC, Rocky Mount, Chapel Hill, Burlington NC, Wilson NC, Goldsboro, Hickory NC
Virginia Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Chesapeake, Richmond, Arlington VA, Newport News, Hampton VA, Alexandria, Portsmouth, Roanoke, Lynchburg, Suffolk, Burke, Reston, Dale City, Annandale, Centreville, Danville VA, Charlottesville, Tuckahoe
Massachusetts Boston, Worcester, Springfield MA, Lowell, Cambridge, Brockton, New Bedford, Fall River, Lynn MA, Quincy, Newton, Somerville, Lawrence MA, Framingham, Waltham, Haverhill, Brookline MA, Malden MA, Taunton, Medford
Indiana Indianapolis, Fort Wayne, Evansville IN, South Bend, Gary, Hammond, Bloomington IN, Muncie, Anderson IN, Terre Haute, Lafayette IN, Elkhart, Mishawaka, Kokomo, Richmond IN, Columbus IN, Lawrence IN, Fishers IN, Carmel IN, New Albany
Quebec Montréal, Québec, Laval, Gatineau, Longueuil, Sherbrooke, Saguenay, Lévis, Trois-Rivières, Terrebonne
Washington Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma, Vancouver WA, Bellevue, Everett, Federal Way, Kent, Yakima, Bellingham, Lakewood WA, Kennewick, Shoreline, Renton, Redmond WA, Kirkland, Olympia, Auburn,Edmonds, Richland
Tennessee Memphis, Nashville-Davidson, Knoxville, Chattanooga, Clarksville, Murfreesboro, Jackson TN, Johnson City TN, Kingsport, Franklin TN, Hendersonville, Bartlett, Germantown TN, Cleveland TN, Columbia TN, Collierville, Oak Ridge TN, Smyrna, Morristown TN, Bristol
Missouri Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield, Independence, Columbia MO, St. Joseph MO, Lee's Summit, St. Charles MO, St. Peters MO, Florissant MO, Blue Springs MO, Chesterfield, O'Fallon MO, Joplin, Jefferson City MO, University City MO, Cape Girardeau, Oakville, Wildwood MO, Ballwin MO
Wisconsin Milwaukee, Madison, Green Bay, Kenosha WI, Racine, Appleton WI, Waukesha, Oshkosh, Eau Claire, West Allis, Janesville, La Crosse, Sheboygan, Wauwatosa, Fond du Lac, Brookfield WI, Wausau, New Berlin WI, Beloit WI, Greenfield WI
Maryland Baltimore, Columbia MD, Silver Spring, Dundalk, Wheaton-Glenmont, Ellicott City MD, Germantown MD, Bethesda, Frederick MD, Gaithersburg, Towson MD, Bowie, Aspen Hill MD, Rockville MD, Potomac MD, Catonsville MD, Bel Air South, Essex MD, Glen Burnie, North Bethesda
Arizona Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Glendale AZ, Scottsdale, Chandler, Tempe, Gilbert, Peoria AZ, Yuma, Casas Adobes, Catalina Foothills, Flagstaff, Lake Havasu City, Sun City AZ, Sierra Vista, Avondale AZ, Prescott, Bullhead City AZ, Apache Junction
Minnesota Minneapolis,St. Paul, Duluth, Rochester MN, Bloomington MN, Brooklyn Park, Plymouth, Eagan, Coon Rapids, Burnsville MN, St. Cloud, Eden Prairie, Minnetonke, Maple Grove MN, Edina, Woodbury MN, Apple Valley MN, Blaine MN, St. Louis Park, Lakeville MN
Louisiana New Orleans, Baton Rouge, Shreveport, Metairie, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Kenner, Bossier City, Monroe LA, Alexandria LA, Marrero, New Iberia, Houma, Chalmette, Laplace, Slidell, Terrytown LA, Opelousas, Harvey LA, Ruston
Alabama Birmingham, Montgomery AL, Mobile, Huntsville AL, Tuscaloosa, Hoover AL, Dothan, Decatur AL, Auburn, Gadsden, Florence AL, Bessemer, Madison AL, Prichard, Phenix City, Homewood AL, Vestavia Hills, Prattville, Anniston, Opelika
Colorado Denver, Colorado Springs, Aurora CO, Lakewood CO, Fort Collins, Arvada, Pueblo CO, Westminster CO, Boulder, Thornton CO, Greeley, Longmont CO, Highlands Ranch, Loveland, Southglenn, Grand Junction CO, Littleton, Broomfield CO, Wheat Ridge, Englewood CO
Kentucky Lexington-Fayette, Louisville, Owensboro, Bowling Green KY, Covington, Hopkinsville, Frankfort, Henderson, Richmond KY, Jeffersontown KY, Paducah, Pleasure Ridge Park, Florence KY, Valley Station, Elizabethtown, Ashland KY, Radcliff KY, Newburg, Nicholasville KY, Madisonville
South Carolina Columbia SC, Charleston, North Charleston, Greenville SC, Rock Hill, Mount Pleasant SC, Spartanburg, Sumter, Hilton Head Island, Florence SC, Goose Creek, Summerville, Anderson SC, Aiken, Myrtle Beach, Greenwood SC, St. Andrews SC, Wade Hampton, Taylors SC, Easley
Oklahoma Oklahoma City, Tulsa, Norman OK, Lawton, Broken Arrow, Edmond OK, Midwest City, Enid, Moore, Stillwater, Muskogee, Bartlesville, Shawnee, Ponca City, Ardmore, Duncan OK, Del City, Altus, Yukon, Bethany OK
Oregon Portland OR, Eugene, Salem OR, Gresham, Beaverton, Hillsboro OR, Medford OR, Springfield OR, Bend OR, Corvallis, Aloha OR, Tigard, Albany OR, Lake Oswego, Keizer, McMinnville, Oregon City, Grants Pass, Tualatin, West Linn
Connecticut Bridgeport CT, New Haven, Hartford, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, Danbury CT, New Britain, West Hartford, Bristol CT, Meriden, West Haven, Milford CT, Stratford CT, East Hartford, Middletown CT, Shelton CT, Norwich, Torrington, Trumbull
Iowa Des Moines, Cedar Rapids, Davenport, Sioux City, Waterloo, Iowa City, Council Bluffs, Dubuque, Ames IA, West Des Moines, Cedar Falls, Bettendorf, Mason City, Urbandale, Clinton, Ankeny, Burlington IA, Marion IA, Marshalltown IA, Fort Dodge
Mississippi Jackson MS, Gulfport, Biloxi,Hattiesburg, Greenville MS, Meridian MS, Tupelo, Southaven, Vicksburg MS, Pascagoula, Columbus MS, Clinton MS, Pearl, Starkville MS, Olive Branch,Clarksdale MS, Ridgeland MS, Natchez, Greenwood, Laurel MS
Kansas Wichita, Overland Park, Kansas City, Topeka, Olathe, Lawrence KS, Shawnee, Salina, Manhattan KS, Hutchinson KS, Lenexa, Leavenworth, Garden City KS, Leawood, Emporia, Dodge City KS, Prairie Village, Hays KS, Liberal KS, Pittsburg KS
Alberta Calgary, Edmonton, Red Deer, Strathcona, Lethbridge, St. Albert, Medicine Hat, Wood Buffalo, Grande Prairie, Airdrie
Arkansas Little Rock, Fort Smith, North Little Rock, Fayetteville AR, Jonesboro AR, Pine Bluf, Springdale AR, Conway, Rogers, Hot Springs, Jacksonville AR, West Memphis, Texarkana, Russellville, Paragould, Benton, El Dorado AR, Sherwood AR, Bentonville, Van Buren
Utah Salt Lake City, West Valley City, Provo, Sandy, Orem, Ogden, West Jordan, Layton, Taylorsville UT, St. George UT, Logan UT, Bountiful, Murray UT, Kearns, Roy UT, Millcreek UT, South Jordan, Cottonwood Heights, Midvale, Clearfield UT
Nevada Las Vegas, Paradise NV, Reno, Henderson NV, Sunrise Manor, Spring Valley, North Las Vegas, Sparks NV, Carson,Winchester NV, Pahrump, Sun Valley NV, Whitney NV, Elko, Boulder City, Enterprise NV, Gardnerville Ranchos, Spring Creek, Incline Village-Crystal Bay, Mesquite NV
New Mexico Albuquerque, Santa Fe, Las Cruce, Taos, Tucumcari, Rio Rancho, Roswell, South Valley NM, Farmington NM, Alamogord NM, Clovis, Hobbs, Carlsbad, Gallup NM, Las Vegas NM, Deming, Sunland Park, North Valley NM, Los Alamos, Portales, Artesia, Silver City
West Virginia Charleston WV, Huntington WV, Parkersburg, Wheeling, Morgantown, Weirton WV, Fairmont WV, Beckley, Clarksburg WV, Martinsburg, South Charleston WV, Teays Valley, St. Albans,Bluefield, Vienna WV, Cross Lanes, Moundsville, Dunbar, Oak Hill WV, Bridgeport
Nebraska Omaha, Lincoln, Bellevue, Grand Island,, Kearney, Fremont, Hastings, North Platte, Norfolk NE, Columbus NE, Papillion, Scottsbluff, Beatrice, South Sioux City, La Vista, Chalco, Lexington NE, Alliance, Offutt AFB
Idaho Boise City, Nampa, Pocatello, Idaho Falls, Meridian ID, Coeur d'Alene, Twin Falls, Lewiston, Caldwell, Moscow ID, Rexburg, Post Falls ID, Mountain Home, Eagle ID, Garden City ID, Blackfoot, Chubbuck, Burley, Hayden, Mountain Home AFB
Maine Portland ME, Lewiston, Bangor ME, South Portland ME, Auburn ME, Biddeford ME, Augusta, Saco, Westbrook ME, Waterville, Brunswick ME, Sanford, Presque Isle ME, Bath ME, Brewer, Old Orchard Beach, Caribou, Orono, Old Town ME, Winslow
New Hampshire Manchester NH, Nashua, Concord NH, Rochester NH, Dover, Derry NH, Keene NH, Portsmouth NH, Laconia NH, Claremont, Lebanon, Somersworth, Londonderr, Berlin NH, Exeter, Hampton NH, Durham NH, Franklin NH, Milford NH, Hanover NH
Hawaii Honolulu, Hilo, Kailua, Kaneohe, Waipahu, Pearl City, Waimalu, Mililani Town, Kahului, Kihei, Wahiawa, Ewa Beach, Schofield Barracks, Halawa, Makakilo City, Wailuku, Kaneohe Station, Waipio, Nanakuli, Waianae
Rhode Island Providence, Warwick, Cranston, Pawtucket, East Providence, Woonsocket, North Providence, West Warwick, Newport RI, Bristol, Central Falls, Westerly, Barrington, Valley Falls, Newport East, Greenville RI, Wakefield-Peacedale, Cumberland Hill, Tiverton, Kingston
British Columbia Vancouver, Surrey, Burnaby, Richmond, Abbotsford, North Vancouver, Langley, Coquitlam, Kelowna, Saanich
Montana Billings, Missoula, Great Falls, Butte-Silver Bow, Bozeman, Helena, Kalispell, Havre, Anaconda-Deer Lodge, Miles City, Helena Valley Southeast, Helena Valley West Central, Livingston MT, Laurel MT, Evergreen, Lewistown MT, Belgrade, Orchard Homes, Whitefish, Sidney MT
Nova Scotia Cape Breton, Halifax, New Glasgow, Truro
Delaware Wilmington DE, Dover, Newark DE, Pike Creek, Bear DE, Brookside DE, Hockessin, Glasgow DE, Claymont
South Dakota Sioux Falls, Rapid City MD, Aberdeen, Watertown SD, Brookings SD, Mitchell SD, Pierre, Yankton, Huron
Newfoundland and Labrador Conception Bay South, Corner Brook, Gander, Grand Falls-Windsor, Labrador City, Mount Pearl, Paradise, St. John's
North Dakota Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, Minot, Mandan, Dickinson, Jamestown, West Fargo, Williston, Wahpeton
Alaska Anchorage, Juneau, Fairbanks, College AK, Sitka, Ketchikan, Knik-Fairview, Kenai, Lakes, Kodiak
Manitoba Brandon, Portage la Prairie, Steinbach, Thompson, Winnipeg
Vermont Burlingto VT, Rutland, South Burlington VT, Barre, Bennington, Essex Junction, Brattleboro, Montpelier, St. Albans, Winooski
District of Columbia Washington DC, Capital Hill, Georgetown, Du Point, Cleveland Park
Wyoming Cheyenne, Casper, Laramie, Gillette, Rock Springs, Sheridan, Green River, Evanston WY, Riverton WY, Cody WY
New Brunswick Bathurst, Dieppe, Edmundston, Fredericton, Miramichi, Moncton, Quispamsis, Riverview, Rothesay, Saint John
Saskatchewan Estevan, Moose Jaw, North Battleford, Prince Albert, Regina, Saskatoon, Swift Current, Yorkton
Prince Edward Island Charlottetown, Summerside
Northwest Territories Yellowknife
Yukon Whitehorse

Humane America Animal Foundation, dba, is a non-profit, tax-deductible 501(c)(3) adoption advertising charity. Our mission (and passion) is to help get homeless pets out of the shelters and into loving homes. Let us know what you think! Suggestion & Comment Box
© 2004-2013 - All rights reserved